5 facts about the Amazon rainforest before the century fire

"Green lungs" provide 20% of the oxygen for humans on the planet that is "buckling" in front of the intense flames, of which 99% is caused by humans.

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Amazon is on fire - truly on fire for the past 3 weeks. The cause of forest fires is thought to be because farmers clear forests for farming land. According to environmentalists, since President Jair Bolsonaro came to power in Brazil with the policy of exploiting the economic potential of the Amazon, deforestation activities have also increased dramatically. This greatly affected the environment, the lives of people around the Amazon basin, and then facilitated this "unprecedented" fire.
Amazon rainforest
"Green lungs" provide 20% of the oxygen for humans on the planet are "buckling" before the intense flames, of which 99% is caused by humans.
Before the fire and before the serious deforestation occurred, the Amazon was home to about 160,000 species of trees. The hot, humid climate in the forest made trees grow strangely. Visitors here can meet trees up to 40 meters high, which helps to absorb maximum sunlight. Many studies have shown that trees in the Amazon have the ability to create rain for themselves before the rainy season comes.
Amazon rainforest
As a result, Amazon, like all tropical rainforests, is often too humid to sustain fires over long periods. However, people have completely changed the ecosystem through deforestation and forest burning to develop agriculture. This makes the area more susceptible to fire and the "resistance" naturally erodes over time. "The important thing to know about Amazon is that there is very little fire there naturally," said Mikaela Weisse, deforestation monitor from the World Resources Institute. "Most of the flames were burned by farmers themselves because it was the quickest way to have bare ground."

Now, even if the fire is lucky to be controlled, the numbers below about the miraculous rain forest are afraid that it will be difficult to preserve.

1. Stretching 9 countries

The Amazon forest is located in 9 national territories of South America, including 60% of Brazil, the rest is Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana, Bolivia, Suriname and Guyana in French colonies. The total surface area of the Amazon forest cover up to 7 million km2, this place is known as the "green lung" of the planet. Only when you look at the map do you imagine the incredible breadth of Amazon. This rainforest is half the territory of the United States of America (including Alaska and Hawaii) and nearly the size of Australia.
Amazon rainforest

Amazon rainforest

2. The ecosystem is available nowhere

Amazon is famous for its biodiversity that is second to none. About 10% of the known species in the world live here. The Amazon forest is home to about 2.5 million insects, tens of thousands of plant species, 20,000 species of birds and mammals. At least 40,000 species of plants, 3,000 species of fish, 1,294 species of birds, 427 mammals, 428 species of amphibians, and 378 reptiles have been classified in this area. According to scientists there are about 100 thousand types of invertebrates unique to Brazil living here.
Amazon rainforest

Amazon rainforest

3. Indigenous people

The Amazonian people have a nomadic way of life, meaning that they live in a crop there until their soil becomes depleted and they will move elsewhere. Aboriginal people built houses from leaves and wood. They cut down trees to collect firewood and open arable land. Then women cultivated crops (beans, cassava, sweet potato, pumpkins). Besides, they also hunt and fish, after 4-5 crops they will move to another place.
Amazon rainforest

Amazon rainforest

4. The dark

In the most dense places of the Amazon, the forest canopy is very thick and blocks 99% of sunlight, making the ground dark and become a habitat for unique plants and animals. At the same time, with this phenomenon, the Amazon and other tropical forests help to regulate the temperature of the earth.

5. Top 5 most terrifying animals and plants

The first is the Anopheles mosquito, this tiny killer is the main cause of malaria. If you go into the forest and you have malaria, the probability of dying is very high. The second is a species of a tree named Pareira. Pareira tree defends itself with poisonous thorns, if pricked into the body, the victim will be paralyzed and suffocated, ... leading to an extremely painful death. Because they are plants, it is easy for humans to be caught off guard, so if you accidentally touch them, meaning you touch a hand of death.
Amazon rainforest

Amazon rainforest
The venom of the snake Fer-de-lance has the ability to destroy large tissues in the body, causing dizziness and nausea, ... even causing temporary insane. And the bullet ants are insects with a length of up to 2.5cm, this is the largest species in the world. With aggression and large numbers, they will burn you and cause pain like a gunshot. If you encounter many bites of this ant, you will experience nausea and temporary paralysis. Finally, South American pythons - giant pythons with the ability to kill large prey and swallow. Despite their absence of venom, they are still one of the greatest dangers in the Amazon.

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