Tuesday, September 3, 2019

Ba Dinh Square, the epic in the middle of historical autumn

74 Spring has passed but the proud memories of Ba Dinh Square are still lasting in the hearts of every Vietnamese child ...

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Who named Ba Dinh Square?

Ba Dinh Square is the largest square in Vietnam, located on Hung Vuong street and in front of Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum. This place has kept many important events of the Vietnamese people. In particular, on September 2, 1945, at this Square, President Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence giving birth to the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
Ba Dinh Square
Ba Dinh Square is located in the west of Hanoi's ancient citadel gate. By the beginning of the 20th century, this area was a void with a wasteland, with newly leveled ponds and lakes. The French built here a flower garden, named Rond Point Puginier, also known as Round Square or Puginier flower garden.

Around this Puginier Flower Garden, a number of office buildings and villas were built. One of the early constructions was the Governor General Palace (1902), later the Presidential Palace. Later, there were other important works: Albert Sarraut School (1919), now the Party Central Office and the Department of Finance (1925), now the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Headquarters.
Ba Dinh Square
Ba Dinh Square was named by Dr. Tran Van Lai, who was the Mayor of the city, from July 20 to August 19, 1945. The reason, Mayor Tran Van Lai named Ba Dinh because he admired the army of Dinh Cong Trang rebelled against the French very brave at Ba Dinh base in Nga Son district, Thanh Hoa in the late nineteenth century.

Ba Dinh Square, the heart of the nation

In August 1945, the general uprising to fight the government to the people of the army and the people of Vietnam won a complete victory. The August Revolution succeeded in breaking the bondage of thousands of years of feudalism, eliminating the yoke of French colonialism and Japan fascist.
Ba Dinh Square
From the shackles of bondage, the people of Vietnam have grown to become masters of the country, deciding their own destiny under the leadership of the Party and President Ho Chi Minh. There were many places considered to be the venue for the big event: Independence Ceremony and Ba Dinh Square were chosen.

On September 2, 1945, every street in Hanoi capital was bustling with flags, flowers and slogans to celebrate the one-of-a-kind event of the nation. Those who have witnessed the sacred moment of history will never forget the atmosphere, the context of Ba Dinh Square on Independence Day that year.

A sea of people crowded in the Square is radiant, joyful, excited, anxious to wait for the moment when the immense loved leader reading the Declaration of Independence, giving birth to the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
Ba Dinh Square
At 2:00 pm, President Ho Chi Minh stepped onto the stage as President of the Provisional Government. To the entire nation and people of the world, President Ho Chi Minh solemnly declared: “Vietnam has the right to freedom and independence and the truth has become a free and independent country. The entire nation of Vietnam is determined to bring all spirit and force, life and wealth to maintain that freedom and independence. "

Historian Duong Trung Quoc once said: “President Ho Chi Minh chose September 2 because it was Sunday, so he could mobilize the masses. The space of Ba Dinh square at that time became a very solemn stage and converged the people's hearts on the independence of the country. ”
Vietnam national assembly building.
Ms. Nguyen Thi Loan, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi, shared her feelings when visiting Ba Dinh Square between historical autumn days: “In these days, near the National Day of September 2, my family and I are very proud to be at Ba Dinh square. My feelings for the country surged when I recalled the day President Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence. Ba Dinh Square has a large, airy and beautiful space. On holidays as well as weekdays, we take our children to Ba Dinh square to review the glorious history of the country. ”
Ba Dinh Square
Today, Ba Dinh Square has a campus with a length of 320m and a width of 100m, with large grass plots, interspersed with a 1.4m wide walkway. In the middle of the square is a 25m high flagpole. Ba Dinh became a sacred land with historical markers never fade, and existing spiritual structures: Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, Monument to the Heroes and Martyrs. Ba Dinh Square is also a place to visit and play for people as well as tourists to Hanoi.

It has been 74 years since the Independence ceremony on September 2, 1945, Ba Dinh Square still retains its historical and cultural values. Ba Dinh Square is still a political-cultural center, a place where major events of the country take place, worthy of the pride of Hanoi, the heart of an independent and territorial integrity Vietnam and non-stop rising to be well-matched with other nations in the world.

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