Tuesday, October 15, 2019

5 stops on the journey to explore Xi'an

Dai Nhan Tower, Shaolin Temple ... is a place to store the typical architectural features of ancient feudal times in Xi'an, China.

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Xi'an city, in Shaanxi province, northwestern China is one of the ancient cities with many destinations not to be missed.

Terracotta Warriors and Horse Museum (Xi'an)

Terracotta Warriors and Horse Museum is one of the greatest discoveries in the history of archeology. This terracotta army was buried in the ground for more than 2,000 years before being excavated in 1974.

Terracotta Warriors and Horse was built by the first Chinese emperor Qin Shi Huang and took 39 years to complete. It is the tomb of more than 8,000 warriors and contains about 10,000 weapons manufactured from the Qin Dynasty (221 - 206 BC).
5 stops on the journey to explore Xi'an
In 1975, China established a 16,300 m2 museum in the bunker of Terracotta Warriors and Horse to protect this monument and for research. This is the 8th wonder in the world, recognized by UNESCO as a cultural heritage of humanity. Photo: pixabay.

Xi'an ancient citadel

Xi'an ancient citadel wall was built in the 14th century by King Chu Nguyen Chuong - the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty. This work has four gates: Truong Lac Mon, An Dinh Mon, Vinh Ninh Mon and An Vien Mon corresponding to the four sides of east, west, south, and north. Coming to Xi'an, visitors can cycle to visit the ancient citadel and admire the whole city.
5 stops on the journey to explore Xi'an
The original of Xian ancient citadel wall was built in 194 BC with a length of 25.7 km and took 4 years to complete. Photo: pixabay.

Dai Nhan Tower

Dai Nhan Tower or Dai Nhan Pagoda is a Buddhist temple located in the south of Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province, China.

Dai Nhan tower (also known as Dai Yen tower) was built 1,300 years ago during the Tang Dynasty, when Buddhism was still flourishing in China. This is the main work to store the bible brought by the Xuanzang monk from India.
5 stops on the journey to explore Xi'an
Dai Nhan Tower is famous for its stories about the monk Xuanzang (also known as Táng sānzàng). The name Dai Yen is like his life - a big swallow flew away and then returned. Photo: pixabay.
This work is located in Dai Tu An architectural complex. In the front is a compassionate statue of Xuanzang, behind which is a large square with fountains and sculptures.

Longmen cave

Located 12 km south of Luoyang Citadel in Henan Province, China, Longmen cave is one of three magnificent ancient sculpture sites with hundreds of sophisticated statues of all sizes, from 2.5 cm to 17 m high.

Separated by the Y Ha River, 12 km south of Luoyang, Longmen is one of the three most magnificent caves in China with intricately carved statues. This is an artificial cave system on the topic of Buddhism with 30% dating from the Northern Wei period (386 - 535 BC), 60% from the Tang Dynasty (618 - 907), the remaining 10% belong to other dynasties.
5 stops on the journey to explore Xi'an
Longmen cave includes 2,345 caves, artificial stone niches with 43 pagodas and more than 100,000 Buddha statues. Photo: pixabay.

Shaolin Temple

Songshan Mount, Henan Province, China has many temples, including Shaolin with over 1,500 years of history, which preserves the typical architecture of feudal past.
5 stops on the journey to explore Xi'an
Shaolin, built in 495 under the Northern Wei Dynasty, is part of a complex of historical buildings in Dang Phong, a UNESCO World Heritage site. Photo: pixabay.
Legend has it that after 32 years of construction, an Indian Bodhidharma came to Shaolin Temple to live. Seeing that the monks there were not in good health and often fell asleep when meditating, Bodhidharma taught an exercise called the Eighth Arhat and developed these movements into a martial art. From then on, Shaolin Temple's reputation increased rapidly and attracted more monks.

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