Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, a desert country and an Arab Islamic State located in Southwest Asia. Saudi Arabia occupies most of the Arabian Peninsula, bordering the Red Sea to the west and the Persian Gulf to the east.

The national flag of Saudi Arabia.

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Location of Saudi Arabia on the map
Full name: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
English name: Saudi Arabia
Government type: Monarchy with Council of Ministers and Advisory Council.
ISO: sa
Country domain name: sa
Time zone: +3: 00
Phone code: +966
Capital: Riyadh
Major cities: Jeddah, Makkah, Al Madinah, Dammam with Al Khobar and Dhahran, (capital of the East), Taif.


Area: 2,149,690 km²
Terrain: desert, plateau, mountains in the southwest.
Climate: barren, with high temperatures in the center; Humidity and temperature are high along the coast.


Population: 32,610,423 people Source:
Ethnic groups: Arab (90%), Asian-African (10%)
Religion: Islam
Language: Arabic (official)


Resources: Oil, natural gas, iron ore, gold, and copper.
Agricultural products: barley, tomatoes, melons, and citrus; Lamb, chicken, egg, milk.
Industrial Products: Producing crude oil, refining, basic petrochemical, cement, construction, fertilizer, plastic.
Exports: - commodities: petroleum and petroleum products 90% (2012 est.). - Partner: China 13.2%, Japan 10.9%, USA 9.6%, India 9.6%, South Korea 8.5% (2015)
Import: - goods: machinery, equipment, food, chemicals, motor vehicles, textiles. - Partner: China 13.9%, USA 12.7%, Germany 7.1%, South Korea 6.1%, India 4.5%, Japan 4.4%, UK 4.3% ( 2015) Currency: Saudi Riyal (SAR)
GDP: US $ 646,00 billion


Saudi Arabia, the official name is the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, a desert country and an Arab Islamic State located in Southwest Asia. Saudi Arabia occupies most of the Arabian Peninsula, bordering the Red Sea to the west and the Persian Gulf to the east. The country is bordered by Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Sharing the sea border with Bahrain, Egypt, Eritrea, Iran, and Sudan.

Saudi Arabia is the largest country in West Asia with an area of over 2 million km². The country is governed by the Saud family according to the traditional Islamic lines. Saudi Arabia is the largest oil producer in the Middle East. The proven oil reserve in Saudi Arabia is the second largest in the world, estimated at 268 billion barrels.

The territory that makes up Saudi Arabia today is home to many ancient cultures and civilizations. There are some traces of the earliest prehistoric human activity found in Saudi Arabia. The world's second largest religion, Islam, was born here.

In the early 7th century, the Islamic prophet Muhammad united the Arab population and created a single Islamic religious regime. Following his death in 632, his followers quickly expanded their territory under the rule of Muslims outside Arap, conquering vast and unprecedented territories (from the Iberian Peninsula in the west to modern Pakistan in the East) for several decades.

The Arab dynasties originating from Saudi Arabia today established the Rashidun dynasties (632 - 661), Umayyad (661 - 750), Abbasid (750 - 1517) and Fatimid (909 - 1171), and many other dynasties throughout Asia, Africa and Europe.

The area of modern Saudi Arabia formerly consisted mainly of four separate regions: Hejaz, Najd, part of East Arabian (Al-Ahsa) and the Southern Arab (‘Asir). The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was founded in 1932 by Ibn Saud.

In 1902, he captured Riyadh and planned a 30-year campaign to unify the Arabian Peninsula. Saudi Arabia has since been an absolute monarchy, a regime of genetic dictatorship and based on the Islamic way.

On March 3, 1938, oil exploration transformed the country from an undeveloped desert kingdom into one of the wealthiest countries in the region.

On the morning of August 1, 2005, it was announced that King Fahd was dead. Crown Prince Abdullah is confirmed as king and Prince Sultan is appointed Crown Prince. He was the king of Saudi Arabia from 2005 to 2015. His successor was Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, former governor of Riyadh.

The growing population, the depletion of groundwater, and the economy, which rely heavily on oil production and prices, are major government concerns.

The kingdom is classified as a high-income economy by the World Bank. The Human Development Index is high and is the only Arab nation in the G-20. Saudi Arabia is an authoritarian monarchy, having the 4th highest military cost in the world (2014). Saudi Arabia is considered a regional power. In addition to the Gulf Cooperation Council, it is an active member of the Islamic Cooperation Organization, the United Nations and OPEC.

Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Reviewed by Duy Khiêm on October 05, 2019 Rating: 5

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