Sunday, October 20, 2019

The 3,000-year-old citadel of Roman warriors

Built about 3,000 years ago by the Romans, the ancient city of Ephesus is quite intact, attracting visitors to Turkey.

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Ephesus is located in the southwestern town of Selcuk, Selcuk district, Izmir province, Turkey. Formerly this was the second largest Roman city in ancient times, playing an important economic and cultural role of the Romans in Asia.

Under Alexander the Great about 3,000 years ago, Shogun Lysimakhos established the ancient city of Ephesus. This place prospered with a population of up to 300,000 people until the Ottoman Empire began to dominate Turkey, both the area and the population gradually decreased. Around the 15th century, Ephesus was officially forgotten and buried by the strong activity of nature.

For about 1,500 years, Ephesus sank into oblivion until it was discovered by international archaeologists and began to explore the ruins in 1860.
So far, this ancient city has been excavated about 20%, but this is one of the most sought-after archaeological sites in the world with more than one million visitors each year.
Previously, temples were built solidly according to Greek architecture. Despite thousands of years, the ruins of the temple in this ancient city still exist, showing the pinnacle of ancient Roman architecture and patterns.
The architectural highlight of this old city is the Celsus library. The library was built in 123, used to be the largest library in the world.

Next to the library is a tunnel that connects to the brothel area.
This library has many intact statues.
Thousands of years ago, the ancient Romans built along the main road leading into the city the equal kiosks with brick dome-shaped architecture to sell goods.
In this old city, there are many interesting things that make tourists surprised when a tour guide introduces some architectural works. Specifically, next to the brothel, there is built a toilet cum bathroom, water fountain, serving the warriors. Thousands of years ago, the natural stone toilets were built solidly and fairly civilized.

According to the tour guide, "the function of this room is not only a toilet but also a place where warriors talk and watch the fountain and relax."
In addition, the old city also has a theater that can accommodate tens of thousands of people designed according to the arc-shaped staircase architecture. Here, thousands of years ago it was the arena of gladiators, then took place the play, music entertainment.
The roads leading to the city are large stone pillars several meters high, now only ruins, but it is quite clear that these stone pillars are built into a fairly straight line.
Not only is the ancient city famous for architecture, but Ephesus is also a valuable discovery point of archeological research. All visitors come can not help but enjoy and record moments and imprints.

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