Monday, July 26, 2021

5 more world heritages listed by UNESCO

The World Heritage Committee has just registered five more world heritage sites, including one multinational in Europe and four in Saudi Arabia, France, Germany and Italy, respectively.

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The new multi-national UNESCO heritage site is inscribed as "The Great Spa Towns", including 11 towns located in 7 European countries: Baden bei Wien (Austria); Spa (Belgium); Františkovy Lázně (Czech); Karlovy Vary (Czech); Mariánské Lázně (Czech); Vichy (France); Bad Ems (Germany); Baden-Baden (Germany); Bad Kissingen (Germany); Montecatini Terme (Italy) and City of Bath (United Kingdom).

All of these towns developed around natural mineral springs, a testament to the spa culture in Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries. This trend led to the emergence of resorts, with harmonization between nature and buildings such as treatment rooms, mineral water exploitation systems, gardens, entertainment facilities such as casinos, theaters, hotels, etc. These places represent important interference between values ​​and human development in medicine, science...

A resort in the City of Bath (United Kingdom). Source: Colin Hawkins

In Saudi Arabia, the Hima Cultural Site is listed as a World Heritage Site, containing a remarkable collection of rock art images depicting hunting, animals, plants, and lifestyles in one cultural chain for thousands of years. Most of them are preserved in pristine condition.

In France, UNESCO registered the Cordouan lighthouse and described it as a masterpiece of maritime signaling. The architectural patterns of this work draw inspiration from ancient models, Renaissanceism and architectural language from the French technical school École des Ponts et Chaussées. The Cordouan Lighthouse represents the great periods of the history of architecture and maritime signaling technology. In addition, changes in the late 18th century at this lighthouse demonstrated the advancement of science and technology of that period.

Cordouan Lighthouse (France). Source: DRAC Nouvelle-Aquitaine

In Germany, the Mathildenhohe art district in Darmstadt was a center of the reform movement in architecture, arts and crafts, founded in 1897. Today, it is a testament to modern architecture. In its early days, urban planning and landscape design were both influenced by the Arts and Crafts movement and the Vienna Secession.

In Italy, UNESCO registered frescoes from the 14th century in the city of Padua (Padova). This area consists of 8 religious and secular complexes, where a selection of frescoes painted between 1302 and 1397 are kept. The most prominent is the fresco at Scrovegni Church by the painter Giotto, which has impressed the starting point for the development of mural painting.

The fresco at the Basilica of St. Anthony (Padua). Source: Messaggero di Sant'Antonio

Although created by different artists, for different clients and buildings, the frescoes maintain a unity of style and content. These frescoes show how fresco art has evolved over the course of a century, along with creativity and understanding of spatial representation.

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