Saturday, July 24, 2021

8 unique pyramid structures

The pyramid architecture is not only famous in Egypt, but also appears in many countries around the world.

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The Pyramids of Giza (Al Giza Desert, Egypt) is one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world and was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979. This architectural complex includes the sphinx and the tomb of 3 Pharaohs (Cheops, Khafre and Menkaure). In particular, the pyramid of Cheops (Khufu) is 146 m high, with 2.5 million limestone blocks stacked on top of each other. Scientists still have not figured out how the Egyptians built this magnificent structure 4,600 years ago. Photo: National Geographic.
Prasat Thom (Preah Vihear, Cambodia) is the highlight of Koh Ker, the capital of the Angkor Empire in the 10th century. The pyramid is made of sandstone, 40 m high, including seven floors covered with green moss after being abandoned in the old forests of the north. Archaeologists believe that at the top of the pyramid there was a giant linga statue to worship Shiva. The ancient beauty and valuable stone carvings of Prasat Thom have attracted many tourists to visit. Photo: Tripadvisor.
The Louvre Pyramid (Paris, France) designed by architect Ming Pei, is located in the Louvre's Napoleon courtyard and was inaugurated in 1989. The work was inspired by the pyramid of Giza, including 600 windows of glass, and has a surface area of about 1,000 square meters. Initially, Parisians were concerned that the modern architectural style of this pyramid would not be suitable for the landscape and space of the Louvre. But now, the Louvre pyramid has become a favorite destination for many tourists and a symbol of Paris. Photo: The Guardian.
El Castillo (Yucatan, Mexico) is located in the central area of the Chichen Itza population. The pyramid is 24 m high, including 365 stairs - corresponding to the number of days in a calendar year. At the spring and autumn equinoxes, the shadows cast over El Castillo form the serpent Quetzalcoatl, the supreme deity of the ancient Mesoamericans. This phenomenon also signals the time for people to start a new crop and go to the fields to plant corn. Photo: Earthnworld.
Luxor (Las Vegas, USA) is a famous hotel and casino complex in the city of Las Vegas. The highlight of this entertainment resort complex is the black pyramid built after the pyramid of Giza. In addition, in front of the black pyramid there is a 34 m high sphinx. Inside Luxor, visitors can tour a replica of the tomb and museum of Pharaoh Tutankhamun, built and designed similar to the original in Egypt. Photo: Tripadvisor.
Tikal (Guatemala) was once the largest urban center of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. Archaeologists believe that the name of the ruins is derived from the Yucatec word ti ak'al, which means "at the well". Currently, this place still exists 6 pyramids, the highlight of which is a 65-meter-high limestone work with a two-headed snake temple. With unique archaeological and architectural value, the Tikal ruins were recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1979. Photo: National Geographic.
Ryugyong Hotel (Pyongyang, North Korea) was started construction in 1987, but halted due to economic difficulties. Currently, the hotel still does not receive guests despite completing the construction of 105 floors in 1992. Ryugyong means "capital of willow trees", the former name of Pyongyang. The pyramid-shaped skyscraper is 330 m high, includes 3,000 rooms and 5 restaurants with panoramic views of the North Korean capital. At night, the festival of lights is held when the hotel is covered with LED lights. Photo: China News.
Pyramid of the Sun (Mexico) was built 1,800 years ago in the ancient city of Teotihuacan. With a height of 66 m and an area of about 50,000 m2, the pyramid was one of the most massive works in the Americas at that time. Archaeologists surmise that the Teotihuacans built the pyramid of the Sun to worship the gods. Photo: Lonely Planet.

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