Saturday, July 24, 2021

Cities have unique plans seen from above

If the planning of Barcelona (Spain) makes the city look like a chessboard, Siena (Italy) conquers visitors by the layout of the rows of houses like works of art.

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Barcelona (Spain): Seen from above, Barcelona looks like a giant chessboard, with blocks forming a symmetrical octagon, divided by a tree-lined road. The Eixample district, located in the middle of an ancient city built in the 19th century, was the first to adopt this unique type of chessboard planning. Photo: Culture Trip.
Eixample owns more than 500 octagonal blocks, each block has a space in the middle that is a common place, while helping to absorb light and ventilation. The diagonal angle of the octagon makes the intersection wider, the flow of vehicles is easy during rush hour. Photo: Richard Vandegriend.
Palmanova (Italy): The 9-pointed star-shaped fortress Palmanova is a complex defense system, built in 1593 to fend off Ottoman attacks. It is one of the largest and best preserved ancient cities in the country. In 2017, the work was recognized by UNESCO as a world heritage site. Photo: World Urban Planning.
Palmanova's radially symmetrical composition extends from a central hexagon, with straight lines all around leading to each of its corners. The complex is surrounded by a double belt of star-shaped military structures. Today, about 5,000 people live here. Photo: Onliner.
Arc De Triomphe (France): Paris is one of the most uniquely planned cities in the world. Typical for this type of planning is the Arc De Triomphe. This is not only an iconic work, attracting visitors but also the intersection of 12 avenues. Photo: Pinterest.
Siena (Italy): As the capital of the province of the same name, Siena city conquers visitors with the image of small, zigzag alleys full of art. Siena embodies the medieval city, built in the 12th-15th centuries. Throughout the centuries, the inhabitants have preserved the city's Gothic appearance. Photo: ArtTrav.
La Plata (Argentina): La Plata city, founded in 1882, possesses a neat infrastructure structure with alternating green spaces. The city is square in shape with a large park in the center, diagonally cut from here. Every 6 blocks there will be a square or a small park. Photo: Westend61.

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